Circumstances of Economy

Preliminary Version of poor Google Translation Framework or meta economy Kant and Einstein were hand in hand in search of a new world view consistent. An allegory impossible, because their work was a few hundred years apart. Einstein has his findings in the purest sense Kantian transcendental. He has a new world of metaphysics. The forward, however, a change in the recognition and the Declaration of the world. Einstein's world view is contrary to the metaphysics of Immanuel Kant and is not affiliated with the paradigm should be brought into line. What is the metaphysics of Kant? Metaphysics Kant is a science that synthetic judgments a priori out. After his understanding can only do the mathematics and natural science. Both bring judgments, which apodictic and certainly not from the experience depends, not empirically. For Kant, for example, "time and space the sources from which a priori knowledge geschšpft be different." This illustrates it quite well, but it is precisely the pattern that Einstein and the General Theory of Relativity has destroyed. Kant's strict definition of metaphysics is no level of the economy applicable. There is no a priori knowledge from which economic development can be derived. With the impact of human activities, with the consideration of individual values or social benefits, with the social dimension is the doctrine of the economy to a qualitative recommendation to ethics. There can be no meta economy, either by Kant, according to Einstein or any science of quantities. Since Galilei on quantifiable science has limited sizes and Descartes the separation of mind and matter has proposed the deduction is a real possibility of finding profits. In the formal and natural sciences are significant progress since deductive have been obtained. Consider, for example, of Einstein's theory of relativity, to gel Mans mathematical formulation of quarks, Watson's concept of the double helix of DNA or natural Boltzmanns constant. The researchers won their deductive theories and said the phenomena, a priori. This constitutive sciences claim truth for themselves what to Kant "the consensus among themselves and with the experience". This claim is a metaphysical reason for the deduction lessons from the "pure reason" produces. Einstein says the same thing if the "pure thought". The truth is in this case, the deduction is obtained that a suspected cause in experiments and experiments to the truth of these assumptions to the effects, the results of the experiment to be reviewed. Such an approach is suitable for mathematical and logical thinking games. These are described by Kant synthetic judgments. The deduction is a suitable method for laboratory environments that are immutable and can be clearly identified. It is also suitable for the natural sciences when it comes to simple effect chains in stable environments. In all of these conditions is expected that under the same conditions The same is happening. The causality is trying again and again. There is no doubt that 7 + 5 = 12 items or that a ball in the middle of a bowl a stable balance takes place (at least in the gravitational field of Earth). In the general economy and in the social sciences, however, reversed the effects or results of a scene observed and it is suspected behind one or several causes. This is not experimental approach, but rather an observer. The experiments in the economy must be very restrictive assumptions make many (ceteris paribus clause). This is the practical application of the results impossible, or only as a rough approximation to reality. The statements and projections about future developments have more in the nature of weather predictions. At the conclusion of the effect on the cause is always greatest caution. This applies specifically to the quantitative evaluation of economic variables (Econometrics). It gives only a hint of what issues need a closer analysis. For addressing the real causes of data analysis is unfit. All descriptions of the economics contain only a posteriori statements. Economy is empirical knowledge found in the pure form and close the gap more in science teaching Francis Bacon. Its postulated phenomenologische analysis focused on the inductive theory in the natural sciences. But it is also a model for the knowledge gained in the economy. In the strict sense of a Kantian definition of knowledge is the preoccupation with economic agents and their actions no science, but an implicit ethics. On the basis of formalised economic models are so far no wertfreien recommendations for action to be expected, but suggestions for the planning of economic strategies. The individual priorities, the social constraints, the moral values of human paste so sophisticated, mathematical models formulated many "indescribable" influences. Social systems are beyond the formal, mathematical description. As part of a social environment are the economic theories nothing more than a moral teaching, a convention, a mutual basis for expert discussions. The economy has therefore not own "metaškonomische" basis, it only lends to the detours metaphysics. Records way to get to by the society on the science and technology, then you indeed to other determinants of economic developments. Then closes the economy to the level of material goods production, which only a result of technology. In this hierarchy technology is very broad, as the environment for the production of goods (products and services). About the evaluation of the goods can be reached only in the economic dimension. The hierarchy is in line with the assessment Ken Wilbers logical. The main criterion is a necessary condition for the next stage. Think you look at the lower level are gone, then falls in a logical hierarchy of the next higher also haltlos. In the above-educated engineering building needs the scientific basis, from a society rooted. The technology is a necessary condition for goods, without which it would turn no economy. In the logic of the last sentence refers to the order and thus the concrete subject of the economy in the western evening country. That is the social (or cultural) basis. Economic development is the result of social structures, scientific knowledge and technical conditions. This nested interlocking system has evolved over the last centuries manifests itself. The real economy is a result of this development. In the terminology Arthur Koestlers / Ken Wilbers it is a Holon, which the elements of society not only in itself but also providing them with shapes. It is a part of society and it is again a whole from the perspective of the actors and members of society. The determinants of economic development is therefore outside the economy. Only the evaluated results from the surrounding systems then condense in economic sizes. In the terminology borrowed metaphysics of the economy is an open system. For further discussion, we remain systemtheoretischen in this context. To the consequence to make it clear we take the balance as a central concept of economic models and theories. In a closed system is the thermodynamic equilibrium in the sense of maximum entropy state. Without energy supply from the outside, this balance is not static. For that matter seems to rest an acceptable position. Any form of energy is balanced. The system is dead Live systems on the other hand, from the environment need a constant stream of orderly energy. Schroedinger has made life generally regarded as such an open system. The balance of open system is far from the thermodynamic Sleep (the death). The Prigogine has convincingly demonstrated. In the dynamic balance of power is zugefŸhrter energy person who permanently as entropy (disorder) lost. The economy is thus a living system, because they are developed. What does this mean for the question of economic evolution? What is the economy fed? Can the economy autopoietisch develop its own merits? The answers to these questions the discussions of the environment. Only open systems they are capable of evolution. You will receive from the environment or negative entropy, will be a positive way: order. As we in the hierarchy have seen, this order is not economical, unweighted. This is a necessary condition. With this image of the open system "economy" we now discuss the influence factors. For a better understanding are some examples without any claim to completeness called natural resources, energy, education, creativity, ethics and morality, science, basic techniques, etc. Such systems are open about their current condition and its history to describe. You do not have their own dynamics, but they borrow from the surrounding trajectories of influences. Their evolution is irreversible, because the internal development to the thermodynamic equilibrium, so to speak, defined as the time arrow increasing entropy. Evolution is a constant complaints and offences. The analog terms of the natural sciences are the development of Negentropy and entropy. The analysis of the context there is evidence of the economic evolution, their dynamics and the possible ways in the future. It can draw conclusions on the potential, but also on the concrete possibilities for action to control long-term developments with economic consequences. The view of the evolution of external factors sharpens the vision for the evolution of the economy.